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#Shenzhen kan vara testbädd för de mest avancerade #SmartCity-applikationerna




BildEn flygfoto över Shenzhen. [Foto/VCG] Källa: China Daily

Cities host about half of the global population and the proportion is growing, with China’s urbanization fueling the phenomenon. By 2050, seven out of every ten people will live in a city. If we want to avoid congestion and a decreasing quality of life, traditional bureaucratic management of ever more densely populated cities, we need to look to a wide range of smart technologies that can help city administrators, skriver KinaEU:s president Luigi Gambardella.

De smarta lösningarna som erbjuds är olika. Men deras antagande är fortfarande i ett tidigt skede, vilket gör det mycket svårt för kommunfullmäktige att göra betydande investeringar i vad som är oprövade lösningar.

“Test beds” allow manufacturers to provide evidence supporting cost/benefit assessments of potential new smart city applications. In this area, China is a world leader: more than 500 smart city pilot projects are under way, half of the world’s total. And Shenzhen, China’s tech hub, stands out as the country’s best performer in this regard.

Last year, Shenzhen, which is known as China’s “Silicon Valley” ranked first on the list of smart Chinese cities, according to a report published by Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. And it is among the world’s pioneering smart cities, according to McKinsey & Co which examined the smart performance of some 50 global cities in 2018. Shenzhen had high scores for developed technology bases, an impressive number of applications and sound awareness, use and satisfaction among its 12.5 million residents.

Shenzhen har anammat artificiell intelligens och big data för att bättre kontrollera sina trafikflöden och förbättra trafiksäkerheten, till exempel har identifiering av trafiköverträdare 95 procents noggrannhet medan ett databaserat parkeringshanteringssystem i realtid syftar till att ta 330,000 XNUMX fordon av vägen varje dag. Shenzhen är på väg att komma ikapp med ledande globala smarta städer som Milano, London eller Barcelona i detta avseende.

Shenzhen siktar på att bli en smart stad som riktmärke. Jag är övertygad om att Shenzhen kommer att lyckas.


To begin with, the city is not burdened with conservatism and traditions from the local town hall government. Since it was selected to be China’s first Special Economic Zone and opened up to foreign investors in 1980, Shenzhen has developed from an impoverished fishing village into one of China’s largest and wealthiest cities as well as a global manufacturing and innovation powerhouse. Its gross domestic product surpassed that of Hong Kong in 2018, hitting a record 2.42 trillion yuan ($361.24 billion).

För det andra, medan europeiska smarta städer är beroende av applikationer från globala leverantörer, är Shenzhen hem för mer än 11,000 ​​XNUMX nationella högteknologiska företag, inklusive många hemmagjorda teknikjättar, som Huawei, Tencent och BYD, som formar och driver smarta städer både inhemskt och globalt. Shenzhen är idealiskt beläget för att göra det möjligt för dessa högteknologiska företag att utforska affärsmodeller och hur man kan tjäna pengar på innovativa smarta stadsapplikationer.

Shenzhen is expected to embrace about 7,000 5G base stations this year. The ultrafast internet connection will be the backbone of the city’s smart development, although, that being said, more efforts are needed and Shenzhen should speed up the construction of its 5G network.

Third, Shenzhen’s Longgang District, established with an investment worth up to 500 million yuan, hosts one of China’s most dynamic smart communities, covering 17,748 square meters. Life is like riding a bicycle. To keep your balance, you must keep moving. In this regard, the innovation ecosystem in Shenzhen stays essential to its digital success and smart development.

Fourth, as Confucius said, humility is the solid foundation of all virtues. Shenzhen’s government showed it possesses this virtue by reaching out to other global cities and learning from their experiences. Last May Shenzhen hosted “2019 Shenzhen Smart City Forum With International Friendship Cities”, gathering municipal leaders from across the world as well as global experts and scholars to discuss smart cities of the future. It is likely that the Shenzhen forum will become an annual event and it could foreseeably become the biggest event in the world for smart cities, where mayors of major cities convene to exchange their experiences and learn from global best practices. In particular, business models can be explored to examine the value for money of new services offered by smart cities.

Sammanfattningsvis har Shenzhen stor potential att bli en testbädd för de mest innovativa smarta stadsapplikationerna. Men för att uppnå detta bör Shenzhen ytterligare stödja sin digitala infrastruktur och stärka det internationella samarbetet. Till exempel, eftersom forskning om 6G redan har startat i Kina, Europa och några andra länder i världen, bör Shenzhen påbörja relevant arbete och till och med skapa det största 6G-forskningscentret i världen.

Second, it is crucial for Shenzhen to continue developing co-operation with other cities in the world. Dozens of European participated in the Smart City Forum including the COO of Genova, Italy’s major Mediterranean port city. Shenzhen should pay special attention to Italy which just hosted a state visit by Chinese President Xi Jinping in March, as Italian and Chinese cities are showing growing interests in developing relations with each other.

Rome wasn’t built in a day. To develop smart cities, maintaining continued efforts and investments will remain crucial. In this way, the world can expect Shenzhen to become a global leader for smart cities, in the years to come.


(China Daily Global 05/15/2019 sida 13)

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