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En biljon euro att investera i Europas framtid: EU:s budgetram 2014-2020




2 euroToday (19 November) the European Parliament voted in favour of the EU’s Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) for the years 2014 to 2020. The consent of the EP clears the way for the final approval by the Council in the coming weeks. Two-and-a-half years of intense negotiations, since the Commission had tabled its proposals on 29 June 2011, have come to an end.

European Commission President José Manuel Barroso welcomed today’s vote: “This is a great day for Europe. The European Parliament has given its final blessing to the European budget from 2014 until 2020, thus bringing successfully an end to long negotiations. Now, the Council can seal the deal shortly. The European Union will invest almost €1 trillion in growth and jobs between 2014 and 2020. The EU’s budget is modest in size compared to national wealth. But one single year’s budget represents more money – in today’s prices – than the whole Marshall plan in its time! Our modern, future-oriented budget can make a real difference to people’s lives. It will help to strengthen and sustain the recovery underway across the European Union. There is funding so we can build our way out of the crisis, financial support for those below the poverty line or looking for a job, investment opportunities for small companies, and assistance for local communities, farmers, researchers and students. This is a deal which helps every family across Europe. Europe is part of the solution.”

Watch President Barroso’s video message.

Commissioner Janusz Lewandowski, in charge of budget and financial programming, stated: “We have finally made it; with today’s vote in the European Parliament we can provide predictability of funding to some 20 million European small and medium enterprises, millions of the poorest people in the world, some 100,000 towns and regions as well as thousands of laboratories and universities: Europe has delivered! You will have European funds to invest in economic growth, in research, in education, in helping the young unemployed and in humanitarian aid for the next seven years. I cannot think of a better message Europe could send to its citizens a few months ahead of the next European elections: Europa fungerar, Europa fungerar!"

The EU’s Multiannual Financial Framework 2014-2020 allows the European Union to invest up to €960 billion in commitments (1.00% EU GNI) and €908.4bn in payments (0.95% EU GNI). Instruments for unforeseen circumstances (like the Emergency Aid Reserve, the European Globalisation Fund, the Solidarity Fund and the Flexibility instrument) and the European Development Fund are situated outside the ceilings of the MFF. If fully activated, they represent additional €36.8bn (or 0.04% of EU GNI). The EU’s budget framework 2014-2020 defines spending priorities that are geared to sustainable growth, jobs and competitiveness in line with the EU’s growth strategy Europe 2020. For example, compared to the current framework, Heading 1A (Competitiveness for growth and employment) is increased from EUR 91.5 billion (= 9.2% of the budget) to €125.6bn (13.1% of the budget)1.

12 höjdpunkter

The future budget is a modern budget for the European Union in the 21st century. Below are 12 highlights that illustrate a number of important innovations and show the budget’s clear European added value.

  • Människor som söker jobb kan räkna med stöd från den framtida EU-budgeten, som ger ett betydande bidrag till att skapa jobb genom Europeiska socialfonden (ESF) och Europeiska regionala utvecklingsfonden. Minst 70 miljarder euro (dvs. ungefär 10 miljarder euro per år) kommer att finnas tillgängliga under ESF för detta, som ett komplement till nationella åtgärder på detta område. Det nya ungdomssysselsättningsinitiativet kopplat till ESF och värt minst 6 miljarder euro kommer att stödja genomförandet av ungdomsgarantin under åren 2014–2015. Sammantaget kommer den reformerade sammanhållningspolitiken att göra tillgänglig upp till 366.8 miljarder euro2 to invest in Europe’s regions, cities and the real economy. It will be the EU’s principle investment tool for delivering the Europe 2020 goals: creating growth and jobs, tackling climate change and energy dependence, and reducing poverty and social exclusion. This will be helped through targeting the European Regional Development Fund at key priorities such as support for small and medium-sized enterprises where the objective is to double support from €70bn to €140bn over the seven years. There will be stronger result-orientation and a new performance reserve in all European Structural and Investment Funds that incentivises good projects. Finally, efficiency in cohesion policy, rural development and the fisheries fund will also be linked to economic governance to encourage compliance of member states with the EU’s recommendations under the European Semester.
  • Fler unga människor än någonsin tidigare kan planera sin utlandsvistelse med stöd från Europeiska unionens nya Erasmus+-program. Programmet syftar till att öka kompetensen och anställbarheten och kommer att ha en budget på nästan 15 miljarder euro3, which is more than 40% higher than current levels in real terms. More than 4 million people will receive support to study, train, work or volunteer abroad, including 2 million higher education students, 650,000 vocational training students and apprentices, as well as more than 500,000 going on youth exchanges or volunteering abroad. Up to 200,000 students planning a full Master’s degree abroad, for which national grants or loans are seldom available, will benefit from a new loan guarantee scheme run by the European Investment Fund. 600 partnerships in sport, including European non-profit events, will also receive funding. Two-thirds of the budget is allocated to learning opportunities abroad for individuals, within the EU and beyond; the remainder will support partnerships between educational institutions, youth organisations, businesses, local and regional authorities and NGOs, as well as reforms to modernise education and training and to promote innovation, entrepreneurship and employability.
  • European culture, cinema, television, music, literature, performing arts, heritage and related areas will benefit from increased support under the EU’s new Creative Europe programme. With a budget of almost €1.5bn4 Under de kommande sju åren (i reala termer 9 % mer än nuvarande nivåer) kommer programmet att ge ett lyft för de kulturella och kreativa sektorerna, som är en viktig källa till jobb och tillväxt. Europeiska kulturhuvudstäderna, European Heritage Label, European Heritage Days och de fem europeiska priserna (EU Prize for Cultural Heritage/Europa Nostra Awards, EU Prize for Contemporary Architecture, EU Prize for Literature, European Border Breakers Awards och Prix MEDIA) kommer att får också stöd från Creative Europe.
  • EU-funded research and innovation will do more to improve Europeans’ quality of life and enhance the EU’s global competitiveness. The new programme for research and innovation Horizon 2020 is equipped with a budget of almost €80bn5 – around 30% more than in the current framework in real terms. Horizon 2020 is clearly a centre-piece of the EU’s drive to create new growth and jobs in Europe. Researchers and businesses across Europe can count on strongly increased and simplified EU support. It will provide a boost to top-level research in Europe, including the European Research Council, strengthen industrial leadership in innovation including through investment in key technologies, greater access to capital and support for SMEs and it will help address major societal challenges like climate change, developing sustainable transport and mobility, making renewable energy more affordable, ensuring food safety and security, or coping with the challenge of an ageing population. Very importantly, it will also help to bridge the gap between research and the market by, for example, helping innovative enterprise to develop their technological breakthroughs into viable products with real commercial potential. International cooperation will be an important priority of Horizon 2020. Under Horizon 2020, the Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions will receive more than €6bn in 2014-20206 – 30% more than current levels. This will allow the EU to support more than 65,000 researchers. The European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT) will receive EUR 2.7 billion in 2014-20207 att förbättra kopplingarna mellan högre utbildning, forskning och företag, och att stödja nystartade företag och specialiserad forskarutbildning.
  • Small and medium-sized enterprises are the backbone of Europe’s economy accounting for around 99% of all European businesses and providing two out of three private sector jobs. Thanks to the new COSME programme, they can expect €2.3bn8 för att främja deras konkurrenskraft och öka tillväxten och sysselsättningen i Europa. COSME är det första EU-programmet som riktar sig till små och medelstora företag och kommer att underlätta deras tillgång till marknader inom och utanför EU och erbjuda enklare tillgång till finansiering genom lånegarantier och riskkapital.
  • Tillväxt och sysselsättning i Europa är helt beroende av investeringar i infrastruktur. Medborgare och företag hindras alltför ofta på grund av att infrastrukturnätverken över hela Europa, oavsett om det gäller transport, energi eller IKT, är ofullständiga, ineffektiva eller helt enkelt inte existerar. Med 33.3 miljarder euro (26.3 miljarder euro för transporter).9, 5.9 miljarder euro för energi, 1.1 miljarder euro för digital)10, the new Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) will be the key instrument for strategic infrastructure investment at European level. It will help build the roads, railways, electricity grids and gas pipelines, and the infrastructure and services for the Digital Single Market by bringing the crucial financial support needed to close the missing links in Europe’s infrastructure networks that otherwise would not be built. Better interconnections will enhance business opportunities and energy security, and make work and travel easier. It benefits citizens and businesses alike, across all member states. In the area of transport the Connecting Europe Facility will help to realise the new and long awaited transport infrastructure policy where nine major corridors will form the backbone for transportation in Europe’s single market and revolutionise East–West connections. In the field of energy infrastructure, the Connecting Europe Facility is essential to meet the principal objectives of energy policy, affordable energy for all consumers, security of supply and sustainability. The CEF, together with the solutions for accelerated permit granting and regulatory incentives introduced by the new TEN-E guidelines regulation, will now radically improve the investment climate for these projects. The CEF is also the first ever EU-level investment programme in broadband networks and digital service infrastructures to help making the digital Single Market a reality.
  • Scarce public money increases the need to unlock other sources of finance and thus generate a leverage effect for the EU budget compared to straight grant funding. This is precisely the purpose of financial instruments, such as loans, guarantees, equity and other risk-sharing instruments, which can be used more widely in the 2014-2020 budget. They will be implemented in cooperation with the European Investment Bank (EIB), the European Investment Fund (EIF) and national promotional banks. The purpose of these instruments is to address specific market failures in areas such as financing for SMEs, research and development projects, energy efficiency and key infrastructure. For example, the Commission’s new SME Initiative will support bank lending to SMEs in member states particularly affected by the financial crisis through partial loan guarantees and securitisation instruments. Another innovative instrument, the Project Bond initiative, provides an alternative, non-bank financing channel for key infrastructure projects such as railway lines, motorways and energy transmission networks. It thus opens up these projects for institutional investors, such as pension funds and insurance companies, seeking stable, long-term cash flows, while developing an alternative to traditional bank loans as a source of finance. Financial instruments will be used in programmes such as COSME (SME finance), Horizon 2020 (Research & Innovation), Erasmus+ (for its loan guarantee scheme – see point 2) and the Connecting Europe Facility (infrastructure).
  • EU:s budget för 2014–2020 markerar ett stort steg framåt för att omvandla Europa till en ren och konkurrenskraftig ekonomi med låga koldioxidutsläpp. Minst 20 % av hela budgeten kommer att läggas på klimatrelaterade projekt och politik. Åtagandet på 20 % tredubblar den nuvarande andelen på 6–8 % och skulle kunna ge så mycket som 180 miljarder euro i klimatfinansiering inom alla större utgiftsområden, inklusive strukturfonder, forskning, jordbruk, havspolitik och fiske samt utveckling.
  • The reformed Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is a strong response from the EU to the big challenges of today, such as food safety, climate change and sustainable growth and job creation in rural areas. It also responds better to people’s expectations: Direct payments will be fairer and greener. Farmers will also enjoy a stronger position within the food production chain and the new CAP will be more targeted, efficient and more transparent. It supports a market-oriented agriculture (for example with no more export subsidies, which were phased out over the past years). Agricultural products represented a high 7% share of in EU exports in 2011 with a value of more than EUR 100bn – more than cars or pharmaceuticals. The CAP therefore is therefore an important driver for jobs and smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. For 50 years, the Common Agricultural Policy has been a genuinely European policy of strategic importance. As it is a true Community policy, more than 70% of agricultural funding in Europe today comes from the EU and no longer from national or regional coffers. Its share in the MFF 2014-2020 will be as follows: €312.7bn or 29% for market-related expenditure and direct aids (pillar 1); and €95.6bn or 9% for rural development (pillar 2).11 Ännu 1984 utgjorde den övergripande gemensamma jordbrukspolitiken cirka 70 % av EU:s totala budget.
  • The funding rules will be much simpler and therefore easier to understand for beneficiaries and less prone to errors. Altogether around 120 simplification measures are being introduced. For example: In cohesion policy, rural development and the fisheries fund EU investments will be simplified through common rules for all these European Structural and Investment Funds as well as simpler accounting rules, more targeted reporting demands and more use of digital technology (“e-cohesion”). In COSME, a “zero bureaucracy” approach will be applied and e-submission and e-reporting will be promoted. Horizon 2020 provides major simplification through a single set of rules for all research and innovation funding previously provided through different programmes.
  • An open and safer Europe is crucial for our citizens. The future budget will help ensure that EU activities which stimulate economic, cultural and social growth may develop in a stable, lawful and secure environment. It will help people to feel at ease when living, travelling, studying or making business in other member states. The future budget will support cooperation on civil and criminal law, allow people to better exercise their rights as EU citizens and promote equality. It will also provide finance to tackle cross-border issues, such as asylum, migration, border control and visas, and the fight against crime and terrorism. The EU’s capacity to respond quickly and effectively to migration or security related crisis will be stepped up through an emergency response mechanism. The amounts foreseen for citizens, asylum, migration, health, consumers and security under the so-called Heading 3 will increase by 26.5% compared to the previous period.
  • As a responsible global player the EU will continue its engagement with the rest of the world. The relations with our immediate neighbourhood, East and South, and with our strategic partners will remain a top priority. As global interdependence grows our security and prosperity needs to be promoted beyond our borders. That is why the overall objective for external action under the new Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) will be to ensure that the EU remains an influential and effective partner that promotes democracy, peace, solidarity, stability, poverty reduction and prosperity, both in our immediate EU Neighbourhood and across the wider world. It remains fully committed to achieving the Millennium Development Goals. EU funding will focus even more on helping the poorest in the world by concentrating support on fewer countries (like Sub-Saharan Africa) and fewer sectors (like sustainable and inclusive growth and good governance). The EU will furthermore maintain its efforts in crisis prevention in order to preserve peace and strengthen international security. Our external assistance instruments will also strengthen the EU’s engagement with third countries on issues that are of global concern, such as climate change, environmental protection and regional instabilities, and allow the EU to respond rapidly and effectively to natural and man-made disasters around the world.

Mer information

Läs MEMO/13/1004 med vanliga frågor, tabeller och diagram om MFF 2014-2020

Besök webbplatsen om den fleråriga budgetramen 2014–2020

och enskilda EU-finansieringsprogram

Veta mer om siffror per program i nuvarande och 2011 års priser

Lär dig mer om nationella tilldelningar under Den gemensamma jordbrukspolitiken

och Sammanhållningspolitiken politiken~~POS=HEADCOMP

Read MEMO/13/1006 with full text of President Barroso’s video message

Läs MEMO/13/79 om MFF

Fleråriga budgetramen (MFF)

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